Although the salmon in the recall was of Scottish origin, further processing and packaging occurred in mainland Europe, not in the UK.
The Marine Harvest Kritsen plant in northern France is out of production after being badly damaged by fire last year, but other plants that have been equipped for slicing and packing of smoked salmon for Kritsen continue with that label.
The smoked salmon subject to the recall was sold only in France.
Customers have been advised to destroy the salmon or take it back to stores for a refund.
The disease caused by consuming fish polluted with listeria, called listeriosis, can be serious and the incubation time can be up to eight weeks.
Carrefour warns that people who have consumed this product and who have fever, isolated or accompanied by headache, are advised to consult their doctor. Pregnant women need to pay special attention to these symptoms, as well as immunocompromised people and the elderly.