The company SalmoClinic, founded by Patagonia Wellboat director Hans Kossmann, uses a tank with a large helix to provide a continuous swim-through freshwater bath treatment for salmon pumped aboard its tailor-made treatment vessel, the 62-metre Owurkan.
The helix tank was manufactured by Norwegian company Stranda Prolog and is based on its pilot HeliXir System.
The Owurkan is also equipped with a reverse osmosis system that can produce 125 m³m per hour of fresh water for use in freshwater treatments against gill disease.
“The first tests with Salmones Camanchaca were carried out at the end of February of this year with fresh water (<0.4 ppt salinity), to control multi-causal gill problems that affected a cage in a farm in Los Lagos region,” Kossmann told Fish Farming Expert’s Chilean sister site, Salmonexpert.cl.
“After confirming the successful result of this test, the entire site was treated in the first fortnight of April.”
Kossman said results have been very promising, highlighting the positive impact of the use of fresh water without any chemicals for the control of complex conditions that affect the gills of the fish (due to amoebas, bacteria and/or microalgae), “allowing the salmonids to quickly recover their respiratory capacity in order to resume normal feeding and growth”.
Likewise, freshwater treatments demonstrated a high efficacy for the elimination of adult stages of Caligus, above 97%, said Kossman.
Turning the screw on lice
Stranda Prolog’s HeliXir can be used for medicinal bath treatments or freshwater treatments. Because fish move through the HeliXir bath in a controlled manner, the amount of medicine needed is reduced and therefore so is the amount of process water to be handled, says the Kristiansund-based company.
A HeliXir can treat 200,000 fish with an average weight of 3.5kg with only 700m³ process water. According to Stranda Prolog, that is a 96% reduction compared to a comparable treatment in a cage and 90% compared to treatment in a wellboat.
The treatment water is homogeneous, there are no “hot spots” where the concentration of the medicine is higher or lower than the target. All fish get the same treatment. Fewer parasites survive the method which prevents reduced sensitivity to the medication used. The process water goes through a filter removing most of the lice eggs when the system is being used to remove lice.
Camanchaca’s animal health and welfare deputy manager, Francisco Vallejos, said: “We have validated the ship from the point of view of animal welfare, and thus, we maintain close contact with the SalmoClinic team for the continuous improvement of the ship’s operation, identifying critical points and resolving them as soon as possible. We have [also] set out to optimise treatment times, so that it becomes a cost-effective therapeutic tool.”
The quality of the treatment water is permanently monitored online to maintain optimal conditions for the fish, keeping the levels of oxygen, CO₂ and pH controlled to avoid any physiological stress.
In the case of lice treatments, the parasites detached from the fish are collected in various mechanical filtration systems, while for treatments against gill amoeba, the detached amoebas are inactivated by applying a strong dose of UV rays.